Chyangra goats are founded only in very high altitude areas. Cashmere is the fine undercoat grown by these animals to save them from very low winter temperature in these high altitude areas, goats shed Cashmere in spring, which is combed off them and collected. Average Goat yields 450-500 grams of Cashmere in its raw form. This is then processed to produce Cashmere yarn. Pure Cashmere is very soft and very warm wool. Mongolia and Tibetan Cashmere is considered the best in world due to its long fiber. This type of Cashmere wool can also be found in Mongolia. With increasing awareness among people about cashmere, new areas in world are emerging which also claim to produce very high quality and pure cashmere.
High quality cashmere is always hand combed from the goats. After combing, the hair is cleaned to remove impurities, which often reduces the yield by as much as two thirds of the original weight. The remaining pure fiber is silky soft and ready for dying and carding prior to being spun. Cashmere is often woven into two-ply yarn, which is a superior form of yarn, but also twice as expensive because it involves two strands. When a single strand of yarn is used, the twist in the yarn created as it is spun can pull at a sweater, changing the shape over time: two ply yarn uses two strands going in opposite directions to eliminate a bias in the weave or knit.
Pashmina and Cashmere are words used for same type of wool. As per our knowledge, Pashmina is the original word used in Asia Specially in India, china, Tibet, Pakistan and Nepal. In U.S. U.K. and other European countries Cashmere is more popular, so most of us might have listened Cashmere word more than Pashmina. But currently, Pashmina word is also getting popular in UK and European countries. Few sources consider Cashmere as more pure than Pashmina, in reality there is no difference between Pashmina and cashmere. Both refer to same type of wool.
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